Pholiotina kuehnariana, syn. Conocybe velutipes

Conocybe kuehneriana is a little brown magic mushroom formerly known as Galera velutipes (1939), Conocybe ochracea, and Conocybe velutipes is a saprotrophic mushroom from the Bolbitiaceae family. Its psychoactive parent strains are amongst others, Conocybe cyanopus (very potent), Conocybe smithii (mild).

Conocybe kuehneriana has the classic “little brown mushroom” morphology which presents a typical thin, delicate and fragile stature with a conic shaped cap.

Though not much data is found on this specie, a sufficient number of mycological reports prove it to be mildly active. To learn more about strains for starter psychonauts, have a look at our article on best magic mushrooms for beginners.



Visual Description

Cap: 1-2 cm broad. Conic when young, broadly conic in age. Surface smooth, visible striates, cap with fibrillose patches. Color caramel brown, fading yellowish tan, lighter on edges, darker at umbo. Margin is even. Gills: attached to the stem, close to crowded. Color similar to cap, light brown turning cinnamon brown when mature. Stem: 4-6 cm long by 0.5-1.5 mm thick. Thin, equal, often straight, fragile. Surface with fibrillose, base of stem often slightly thicker. Basal whitish mycelium. Spore print: cinnamon brown Microscopic features: 11-13 x 7-8 µ.


MILD < 0.25%

Habitat Origin

Saprobic, growing alone, scattered or gregarious in leaf litter in woods or disturbed soil in urban setting, with preference for poor soil in deciduous and coniferous forests, in grassy habitats, in meadows and in dry grassland. Growing season is late spring through fall. Believed to be mostly spread throughout North America, not uncommon to Europe. Previously reported in California, Massachusetts, Illinois. Also reported in Nordic countries (Norway, Finland). It is said not to be uncommon in Europe and wide-spread in temperate Asia (Transcaucasia, Middle Asia, Siberia and Russian Far East). Even if the Conocybe genus is poorly known, it is said to be the most wide-spread genus of agarics in the semi-desert and semi-savanna site types of Middle Asia during the early spring rainy period (March and April) (Hausknecht).

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