CONOCYBE SIENNOPHYLLA

Conocybe siennophyla is a saprotrophic mushroom from the Bolbitiaceae family. It has the typical “little brown mushroom” morphology with a typical thin, delicate and fragile stature with a conic-shaped, yellowish-brown cap.

Though not much data is found on this specie, a sufficient number of mycological studies report it to be mildly active.

It is virtually identical to the naked eye to Conocybe siennophylla, though it features thinner walls and smaller spores.

Visual Description

Cap: 0.5-2 cm broad. Conical to bell-shaped when young becoming broadly conical with age. Surface smooth, visible striates, cap with fibrillose patches. Color yellowish-brownish fading to yellowish tan, lighter on edges, darker at umbo. Margin is even. Gills: attached to the stem, close to crowded. Color similar to cap, turning cinnamon brown when mature and disintegrating with heat. Stem: 4-8 cm long by 1-2 mm thick. Thin, equal, fragile. Surface smooth with sometime fine fibrillose, base of stem often slightly thicker. Basal whitish mycelium. Spore print: cinnamon brown or reddish brown Microscopic features:9-11 x 5-6 µ.

Habitat Origin

Wide-spread in temperate Asia (Transcaucasia, Middle Asia, Siberia and Russian Far East). Believed to be mostly spread throughout North America, not uncommon to Europe. Previously reported in California, Massachusetts, Illinois. Also reported in Norway and Argentina. Saprobic, growing alone, scattered or gregarious in leaf litter in woods or disturbed soil in urban setting, with preference for poor soil in deciduous and coniferous forests, in grassy habitats, in meadows and in dry grassland. Growing season is late spring through fall. It is said not to be uncommon in Europe

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