CONOCYBE SMITHII

Pholiotina smithii

Also known as Pholiotina smithii, Conocybe smithii is a small agaric fungus, almost visually identical to its relative Conocybe cyanopus. As the latter, it could eventually be transferred to another genus in the future.

Mildly hallucinogenic, this rather rare mushroom contains psilocybin and an unusual high amount of beaocystin. Giving its bluing reaction to bruising, it is believed to also contain psilocin.

Because it is difficult to tell apart from poisonous species of the Conocybe-Pholiotina genus,  it is not a good candidate for entheogenic mushroom hunting.

Visual Description

• Cap: 0.3 - 1(1.3) cm broad. Obtusely conic, expands to nearly plane in age, with a pronounced umbo. Surface is smooth, glistening when moist. Color is ochraceous tawny to cinnamon-brown, darker on edges, hygrophanous, becoming tan when dried. Margin has translucent-striates connecting to the disk. • Gills: attachment is adnate to adnexed. Spacing is crowded to subdistant. Coloration is pale grayish yellow to brown with whitish edges, becoming rusty cinnamon brown at maturity. • Stem: 10-50 mm long by 0.75-1 mm thick. Equal, delicate, slightly larger at base, fragile. Color is whitish becoming tan, grayish at base. Partial veil discrete to absent. • Spore print: rusty brown. • Microscopic features: 7-9 by 4-4.5 µ. • Taste and odor: farinaceous

Potency Description

Believed to be mildly active with up to 0.80% baeocystin (Repke et al. 1977)

Habitat Origin

Reported from Washington, Oregon and Michigan, probably more widely distributed than literature currently indicates. Grows scattered to numerous in moss and about bogs, mossy logs, moist soil, or under dense cover often associated with mosses, also in lawns. Fruiting season is believed to be late spring to summer, or even early fall. On the west coast of America however, Pholiotina smithii is said to be an early summer mushroom, almost never appearing after the first week of June.

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